In 1989, Prince Charles published a book ” Vision of Britain”, in which he presented his views on some of the key principles of architecture and urban planning. Prince drew attention to certain timeless urban solutions that allowed many cities in the UK survive and thrive in harmony over the centuries. Cities hat give priority to people and their needs.
Five years later, construction began on Poundbury, a city that stands in opposition to the planning assumptions of the second half of the twentieth century, often leading to the rundown ghettos , social exclusion and increasing dependence on the car . The main idea was to create a city with a sense of community.
The real challenge for the architects was to create a new, autonomous district, which will relate to the traditional local building techniques. Whilst walking around Poundbury, it is hard to believe that the city is only 20 years old. Buildings were designed and built using traditional materials such as wood and local stone, matching the style and aesthetic of Dorset.
Seaside is the first project in the US carried out according to the principles of New Urbanism. The originator decided to build town in a breath-taking landscape (1978).
Seaside refers to the traditional buildings of small towns in the South of the United States. The town was designed by different architects, thus avoiding the effect of carbon paper, known for many American settlements on the outskirts of large cities. Here like in Poundbury, all service facilities are available within a few minutes walk, so residents are not dependent on cars. The project facilitates many recreational activities and green spaces that support integration of people and relations between neighbours.